The Balzan Prizes are chosen by the General Prize Committee in two general subject areas: Literature, Moral Sciences and Arts; and the Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences and Medicine.
 
The Balzan Prize for Humanity, Peace and Fraternity Among Peoples is a special prize awarded at intervals of no less than three years.
Literature, moral sciences, and the arts
Physical, mathematical and natural sciences, and medicine
Literature and Philosophy
Philology, Linguistics and Literary Criticism
Argentina
1980
Philosophy
Germany
1981
History and Criticism of Literature
Switzerland
1984
Comparative Literature
France
1988
Philosophy
France/Lithuania
1989
History and Criticism of Literature
Italy
1992
Philosophy
France
1999
Literary History and Criticism (post 1500)
France
2001
Political Thought; History and Theory
UK
2006
European Literature (1000-1500)
France
2007
Moral Philosophy
USA/Serbia
2008
Literature since 1500
UK
2009
Study of the Ancient World, the History of Science and History of the Humanities
Studies of Antiquity
Italy
1982
Oriental Studies
Italy
1983
History of Science
USA/Austria
1986
The Study of the Ancient World (Mediterranean Area)
Germany
1990
Art and Archeology of the Ancient World
France
1993
History and Philosophy of Science
USA
1997
Classical Antiquity
UK
2000
History of the Humanities
USA
2002
Prehistoric Archaeology
UK
2004
The History of Science
Italy
2009
Enlightenment Studies
Switzerland/Poland
2011
History
History
USA
1962
History (ex aequo)
France
1979
History (ex aequo)
Italy
1979
Medieval History
UK
1987
History: the Emergence of Europe in the 15th and 16th Centuries
Portugal
1991
History: Societies of the 19th and 20th Centuries
Germany
1993
Economic History
Italy
1995
History: Medieval Cultures
Germany
1996
History: The Cultural and Social History of the Slavonic World from the Reign of Catherine the Great to the Russian Revolutions
USA/Poland
1998
History, 1500-1800
UK
1999
European History since 1900
Uk/Egypt
2003
The Islamic World from the End of the 19th to the End of the 20th Century
USA
2004
The Social and Cultural History of Cities since the Beginning of the 16th Century
UK
2005
European History (1400-1700)
Italy
2010
Ancient History (The Graeco-Roman World)
USA/Ireland
2011
Medieval History
France
2013
Social sciences
Social and Political Science
Switzerland
1979
Social Sciences
France
1982
Sociology
USA
1983
Human Psychology
USA
1987
Sociology
Israel/Poland
1988
Political Science: Contemporary International Relations
France/USA/Austria
1996
Social Sciences: Social Anthropology
USA/Sri Lanka
1997
Sociology
France
2002
Social Psychology
France/Romania
2003
Sociology
USA/Catalonia
2013
Law
International Public Law
France
1981
Basic Human Rights
France
1986
Private International Law
Switzerland
1990
Law and Political Science (Governments and Democracy)
Italy
1994
Legal History since 1500
Germany
2000
International Law since 1945
UK
2007
Jurisprudence
USA
2012
Arts
Music
Germany
1962
Architecture and Urban Planning
Egypt
1980
History of Western Art
UK/Austria
1985
Music
Austria/Hungary/Romania
1991
Art History and Art Criticism
France
1995
History of Architecture
USA
2001
The History of the Art of Asia
Germany
2005
The History of Western Music since 1600
Germany
2006
The Visual Arts since 1700
Italy
2008
The History of Theatre in All Its Aspects
Germany
2010
Musicology
UK/Germany
2012