Prix Balzan 2004 pour l'épidémiologie
Professor Sir Michael Gideon Marmot MBBS, MPH, PhD, FRCP, FFPHM, FMedSci, born on 26 January 1945, is a British citizen.
He is MRC Research Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, Director of the International Institute for Society and Health, and Director of the Institute of Health Equity, University College London. He also holds the position of Adjunct Professor in the Department of Society, Human Development and Health at Harvard University.
Graduating in Medicine from the University of Sydney, Australia, in 1968, he earned an MPH in 1972 and a PhD in 1975 from the University of California, Berkeley. Lecturer, then Senior Lecturer in Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (1976-1985), he was appointed Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University College London (UCL) in 1985 and took a joint Chair, held at UCL and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 1990. He became Director of the International Centre for Health and Society established at UCL in 1994 (now the International Institute for Society and Health).
Professor Michael Marmot has led a research group on health inequalities for 35 years. He is Principal Investigator on the Whitehall II Studies on British Civil Servants, investigating explanations for the striking inverse social gradient in morbidity and mortality. He leads the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and is engaged in several international research efforts on the social determinants of health. He was a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution for six years, and served as President of the British Medical Association (BMA) in 2010-2011. He is a Founding Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy, and an Honorary Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health of the Royal College of Physicians. In 2000 he was knighted by Her Majesty The Queen, for services to Epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities. Internationally acclaimed, Sir Michael Marmot is a Foreign Associate Member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (USA), and a former Vice President of the Academia Europaea. He gave the Harveian Oration in 2006. He was Chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which was set up by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2005, and produced the report entitled: Closing the Gap in a Generation in August 2008. At the request of the British Government, he conducted the “Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England post 2010”, which published its report Fair Society, Healthy Lives in February 2010. He has now been invited by the Regional Director of WHO Euro to conduct the “European Review of Social Determinants of Health and the Health Divide”, which will report in September 2012. He has agreed to chair the “Breast Screening Review” for the NHS National Cancer Action Team. He is a member of The Lancet-University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health.
Professor Marmot has given a great number of lectures and keynote addresses at international conferences over the last several years. He has published substantially, with a number of monographs and co-edited volumes to his name as well as innumerable scientific papers. For a full list of his publications see: