Alan J. Heeger

1995 Balzan Prize for the Science of New Non-Biological Materials

For his outstanding contributions to the science of materials and especially for his leadership in disciplines which make up the new interdisciplinary field of semiconducting and metallic polymers. He has thoroughly covered this new field, from basic discoveries to the creation of new materials with applications in both high-tech and consumer product industries.

Alan J. Heeger was born in Sioux City, Iowa, 011 January 22, 1936; he is an American citizen;

from 1962 to 1982 at the University of Pennsylvania: Assistant Professor (1962-64), Associate Professor (1964-67), Professor (1967-82), Director of the Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter (1974- 81) and Acting Vice-Provost for Research (1981-82);

Visiting Scientist at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, United Kingdom (1964-65); Visiting Professor at the University of Geneva, Switzerland (1968-69);

since 1982 Professor of Physics and Professor of Materials (joint appointment) and Director of the Institute for Polymers and Organic Solids at the University of California at Santa Barbara;

Founder of UNIAX Corporation (1990), President (1990-94), currently Chief Scientist and Chairman of the Board of Directors;

he has received many national and international honours, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow (1963-65), John Simon Guggenheim Fellow (1968-69), Fellow of the American Physical Society (1968-present), Yamada Science Foundation Exchange Scholar (1978), Oliver Buckley Prize for Condensed Matter Physics (awarded by the American Physical Society 1983), John Scott Award (awarded by the City of Philadelphia 1989), Honorary Degree from the Université d’Etat à Mons Hainaut, Belgium (1992); he is Editor-in-chief of the scientific journal “Synthetic Metals”;

he is known and active as a scientific consultant to industrial and government laboratories;

he is the author and co-author of more than 500 scientific publications and over 20 patents (issued and pending).

A selection of his works is as follows:

— Charge Storage and Charge Transport in Conducting Polymers: Solitons, Polarons and Bipolarons, A.J. Heeger, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A314, 17 (1985);

— Solitons in Conducting Polymers, A.J. Heeger, S. Kivelson, J.R. Schrieffer, e W.-P. Su, Reviews of Modern Physics, 60, 781 (1988);

—Intrinsic Conductivity of Conducting Polymers, S. Kivelson e A.J. Heeger, Synthetic Metals, 22, 371 (1988);

— Charge Transfer in Conducting Polymers: Striving Toward intrinsic Properties, A.J. Heeger, Faraday Discussion of the Chemical Society, 88, 1(1989);

— Solution Processing of Conducting Polymers: Opportunities for Science and Technology, A.J. Heeger e P. Smith, “Conjugated Polymers”, Ed. By J.L. Brédas e R. Silbey (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Olanda, 1991);

— Counter-ion Induced Processibility of Conducting Polyaniline and of Conducting Polyblends of Polyaniline in Bulk Polymers, Y. Cao, P. Smith, e A.J. Heeger, Synthetic Metals, 48, 91(1992);

— Flexible Light-Emitting Diodes made from Soluble Conducting Poliymers, G. Gustafsson, Y. Cao, G.M. Treacy, F. Klavetter, N. Colaneri, e A.J. Heeger, Nature, 357, 477 (1992);

— Conjugated Polymers: The Interconnection of Chemical and Electronic Structures, Proceedings Nobel Symposium 81, “Conjugated Polymers and Related Materials: the Interconnection of Chemical and Electronic Structures”, pubblicato da W.R. Salaneck, I. Lundstriim, e B. Ranby (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993);

— A New Architecture for Polymer Transistors, Y. Yang e A.J. Heeger, Nature, 372, 344 (1994);

— A 160 Femtosecond Optical Image Processor Based on a Conjugated Polymer, C. Halvorson, A. Hays, B. Kraabel, R. Wu, F. Wudl, e A.J. Heeger, Science, 265, 1215 (1994);

— Reversible, Metastable, Ultrafast Photoinduced Eiectron Transfer from Semiconducting Poymers to Buckminsterfullerene and in the Corresponding Donor/Acceptor Heterojunctions, N.S. Sariciftci e A.J. Heeger, International Journal of Modern Physics B8, 237 (1994);

— Self-Assembled Networks of Polyaniline: A New Class of Conducting Polymer Blends, A.J. Heeger, Trends in Polymer Science 3, 39 (1995);

— Polymer Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells, Q. Pei, G. Yu, C. Zhang, Y. Yang, e A.J. Heeger, Science, 269, 1086 (1995).

(October 1995)

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