UK - USA/Germany
1994 Balzan Prize for Astrophysics (Evolution of Stars)
SIR FRED HOYLE was born in Bingley, England, on June 24th, 1915 (†2001);
he is a British citizen;
at present, Honorary Fellow at St John’s College, Cambridge (since 1973) and Honorary Fellow of the Emmanuel College, Cambridge (since 1983);
Fellow Royal Society (1957), Honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1967), Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1968), UN Kalinga Prize, AEC (1968), Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences (1969), Bruce Gold Medal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1970), Royal Medal of the Royal Society (1974), member of the American Philosophical Society (1980), Karl Schwarzschild Medal of the German Astronomical Society (1992) and many other Awards and Honours;
his list of publications also includes, in addition to his numerous purely scientific publications, books on science fiction, as the novel The Black Cloud (1958).
MARTIN SCHWARZSCHILD was born in Potsdam, Germany, on May 31, 1912 (†1997);
he is an American citizen ;
Princeton University: Professor (1947-51), Higgins Professor of Astronomy (1951-79) and Senior Research Associate (since 1979), DSc Honorary Degree in 1992;
Member (1940) and President (1970-72) of the American Astronomical Society, member of the Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (1953), of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1955), of the US National Academy of Sciences (1956) and of the American Philosophical Society (1981), foreign member of the Royal Astronomical Society (1963), of the Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (1966), of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters (1966) and of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (1969);
DSc honorary degrees from Swarthmore College (1960) and from Columbia University (1973) and many other honours among which, rather recently, the Dirk Brouwer Award, AAS (1991).
Besides his numerous scientific articles, he is the author of the book Structure and Evolution of the Stars.