2000 Balzan Prize for Ecological Sciences
Ilkka Hanski, born in Finland, on 14 February 1953 (*1953-†2016), is a Finnish citizen.
MSc (1976) at the University of Helsinki and DPhil (1979) at Oxford University.
Professor of Zoology (Animal Ecology) (since 1993) at the University of Helsinki, currently (1996-2001) Research Professor of the Academy of Finland.
Director of the Metapopulation Research Group, which has been chosen as a centre-of-excellence in research by the Academy of Finland for the period 2000-2005.
He has taken part in and continues to contribute to the work of the international scientific community, being a member of scientific councils, institutes and overseas societies, and advancing European-wide research in a large training network, which he coordinates and which involves seven other laboratories in as many European countries.
Among his honours and awards: 1999 Prize in Terrestrial Ecology, International Ecology Institute (ECI); President’s Gold Medal, The British Ecological Society (1999); member of the Academia Europaea (1998).
Currently associate editor or member of the editorial board of eight international journals.
Books and edited volumes:
Ecological significance of spatial and temporal variability, edited by I. Hanski, Special issue of Annales Zoologici Fennici, Helsinki, 1988;
Population biology of Eurasian shrews, edited by I. Hanski and E. Pankakoski, Special issue of Annales Zoologici Fennici, Helsinki, 1989;
Dung Beetle Ecology, edited by I. Hanski and Y. Cambefort, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1991;
Metapopulation Dynamics, edited by M. Gilpin and I. Hanski, Academic Press, London, 1991;
Metapopulation Biology: Ecology, Genetics and Evolution, edited by I. Hanski and M. Gilpin, Academic Press, San Diego, 1997;
Ekologia (Ecology text in Finnish), with H. Pietiäinen, J. Niemelä, J. Lindström and E. Ranta, WSOY, Helsinki, 1998;
Metapopulation Ecology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1999.
Amongst his most important other publications may be mentioned:
Hanski I. Coexistence of competitors in patchy environment with and without predation. Oikos 37, 306-312, 1981;
Hanski I. Dynamics of regional distribution: the core and satellite species hypothesis. Oikos 38, 210-221, 1982;
Hanski I. Single-species dynamics may contribute to longterm rarity and commonness. Ecology 66, 335-343, 1985;
Hanski I., Turchin P. Korpimäki E. and Henttonen H. Population oscillations of boreal rodents: regulation by mustelid predators leads to chaos. Nature 364, 232-235, 1993;
Hanski I. A practical model of metapopulation dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology 63, 151-162, 1994;
Hanski I., Pöyry J., Kuussaari M. and Pakkala T. Multiple equilibria in metapopulation dynamics. Nature 377, 618-621, 1995;
Hanski I., Clobert J. and Reid W. Ecology of extinction. In: V.H. Heywood (executive editor), Global Biodiversity Assessment, UNEP. Cambridge University Press, Chapter 4.4, pp. 232-244, 1995;
Hanski I. and Henttonen H. Predation on competing vole species: a simple explanation of complex patterns. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, 220-232, 1996;
Hanski I., Moilanen A., Pakkala T. and Kuussaari M. The quantitative incidence function model and persistence of an endangered butterfly metapopulation. Conservation Biology 10, 578-590, 1996;
Wahlberg N., Moilanen A. and Hanski I., Predicting the occurrence of endangered species in fragmented landscapes. Science 279, 1536-1538, 1996;
Hanski I., Moilanen A. and Gyllenberg M. Minimum viable metapopulation size. American Naturalist 147, 527-541, 1996;
Hanski I. and Gyllenberg M. Uniting two general patterns in the distribution of species. Science 275, 397-400, 1997;
Saccheri I., Kuussaari M., Kankare M., Vikman P., Fortelius W. and Hanski I. Inbreeding and extinction in a butterfly metapopulation. Nature 392, 491-494, 1998;
Hanski I. Metapopulation dynamics. Nature 396, 41-49, 1998;
Hanski I. Habitat connectivity, habitat continuity, and metapopulations in dynamic landscapes. Oikos 87, 209-219, 1999.