Massimo Pallottino

1982 Balzan Prize for Studies of Antiquity

For his research work and discoveries of outstanding importance carried out in the field of the sciences of antiquity through the excavation of Pyrgi, his contribution to the interpretation of the Etruscan language, and his revealing research on the origins of ancient Rome and the peoples of pre-Roman Italy.

Massimo Pallottino was born in Rome on November 9, 1909 (*1909 – †1995).
He took the Arts degree at Rome University in 1931;
Inspector (1933), then Director (1938) of the administration of the Antiquities and Fine Arts;
appointed to the superintendency of the Antiquities of Lazio;
charged with the direction of the National Museum of Villa Giulia;
lecturer in Etruscan Studies and Italian Archaeology in 1937 and professor at Rome University;
professor at Cagliari University in 1940 of Archaeology and Greek and Roman History of art;
transferred to Rome University in 1945 as professor of Etruscan Studies and Italic Antiquities.

Bibliographical notes:
Massimo Pallottino’s work includes a dozen volumes and monographs and more than 200 articles and notes of strictly scientific interest. Some of his most important works are:
— Elementi di lingua etrusca (1936);
— Tarquinia (1937);
— Etruscologia (1942);
— La Scuola di Vulca (1945);
— L’Arco degli Argentari (1946);
— Le origini degli Etruschi (1947);
— La peinture étrusque (1952);
— Testimonia linguae etruscae (1954);
— Etruskische Kunst (1955);
— Che cos’è l’archeologia (1963);
— La langue des Etrusques (1978);
— Genti e culture dell’Italia preromana (1981).

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