1986 Balzan Prize for History of Science
Otto Neugebauer was born in Innsbruck, Austria, on May 26, 1899; he is an American citizen;
Privatdozent at the University of Göttingen (1927-1932);
Professor of Mathematics at the University of Copenhagen (1933-1938);
Professor of Mathematics (1939-1947), then Professor of the History of Mathematics (1947-1969) at Brown University; Professor Emeritus since 1969;
member of the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, since 1950;
member of the American Philosophical Society, of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, of the British Academy, of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, of the Danish Royal Academy, of the Académie Royale de Belgique, of the Oesterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften and of many others;
Doctor «Honoris Causa» from the University of St. Andrews, Brown University and Princeton University.
His scientific production includes more than 300 works. Some of his major books are:
— Mathernatical Cuneiform Texts (1945, reprinted 1983);
— Astronornical Cuneiform Texts (3 vols) (1955);
— The Exact Sciences in Antiquity (3 editions: 1951, 1957, 1962; translations into Russian 1968 and into Italian 1974);
— Greek Horoscopes (1959);
— Egyptian Astronomical Texts (3 vols) (1960-69);
— A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy (3 vols) (1975);
— Ethiopic Astronomy and Computus (1979).