Germania / Paesi Bassi
Premio Balzan 2018 per la dinamica dei fluidi
Detlef Lohse, born in Hamburg on 15 September 1963, is a German Professor at the University of Twente in the Netherlands.
After his master’s thesis in theoretical nuclear physics in Bonn in 1989 and his PhD on the theory of fully developed turbulence in Marburg, Germany, in 1992, with Prof. Siegfried Großmann, he joined Prof. Leo Kadanoff as a postdoc in Chicago, where he continued to work on turbulence and started to work on sonoluminescence. In 1997, he returned to Marburg, where he got his Habilitation in 1997. After a short period as Heisenberg Fellow in Munich, Germany, in 1998 he was appointed Chair of Physics of Fluids at the University of Twente, the Netherlands, where he has been ever since.
Detlef Lohse works on a variety of aspects in the fundamentals and applications of fluid mechanics. The subjects include (i) turbulence and multiphase flow, (ii) micro- and nanofluidics, (iii) granular flow, and (iv) biomedical flow. Both experimental, theoretical, and numerical methods are used in his group.
He is Associate Editor of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Science Advanced, the Journal of Turbulence, JSTAT, and was Editor of several other journals in the past. He is serving and served in various national and international scientific boards, including the American Physical Society (APS), Division of Fluid Dynamics Executive Board, as Elected Member of the Euromech Council and as Chariman of the Euromech Board for the Euromech Turbulence Conference. He was also Member and Vice Chair of the Executive Board of FOM (Dutch NSF for Physics and related sciences, 2007-2015).
Detlef Lohse is Fellow of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics (2002), and of the Institute of Physics (IOP, 2004). He is elected Member of the German Academy of Science (Leopoldina, 2002), the Royal Dutch Academy of Science (KNAW, 2005), the Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, External Member of the Max Planck Society (2015), Member of the Netherlands Academy of Technology and Innovation (AcTI, 2017) and Member of the US National Academy of Engineering (NAE, 2017). In 2005, he received the Spinoza Prize of the Dutch Science Organization (NWO) for his fundamental work on thermal convection and sonoluminescence, and in 2009 the Simon-Stevin Prize from the Dutch Technology Foundation (STW) for his more applied work. He also received the Physics Prize from the Dutch Physics Organization (NNV, 2011), two European Research Council (ERC) Advanced grants (2011, 2017), the George K. Batchelor Prize for Fluid Dynamics (IUTAM, 2012), the AkzoNobel Prize (2012), a NWO-Zwaartekracht grant (2014), and the Fluid Dynamics Prize of the American Physical Society (2017). He also set up the first (and up to now only) Dutch Max Planck Center (2016, on Complex Fluid Dynamics) and is Honorary Chair of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering at Tsinghua University, Bejing, China (2016-2020). Lohse was knighted by the Dutch Queen (Ridder in de Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw, April 2010).
Detlef Lohse, Michael Brenner, Todd F. Dupont, Sascha Hilgenfeldt, and Blaine Johnston, Sonoluminescing air bubbles rectify argon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1359-1362 (1997).
Michel Versluis, Anna von der Heydt, B. Schmitz, and Detlef Lohse, How snapping shrimp snap: through cavitating bubbles, Science 289, 2114-2117 (2000).
Siegfried Grossmann and Detlef Lohse, Scaling in thermal convection: A unifying view, J. Fluid Mech. 407, 27-56 (2000).
Michael Brenner, Sascha Hilgenfeldt, and Detlef Lohse, Single bubble sonoluminescence, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 425-484 (2002).
Detlef Lohse, Raymond Bergmann, René Mikkelsen, Christiaan Zeilstra, Devaraj van der Meer, Michel Versluis, Ko van der Weele, Martin van der Hoef, and Hans Kuipers, Impact on soft sand: Void collapse and jet formation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 198003 (2004).
Guenter Ahlers, Siegfried Grossmann, and Detlef Lohse, Heat transfer and large scale dynamics in turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 503-538 (2009).
Detlef Lohse and Ke-Qing Xia, Small-scale properties of turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 42, 335-364 (2010).
Tuan Tran, Hendrik J. J. Staat, Andrea Prosperetti, Chao Sun, and Detlef Lohse, Drop impact on superheated surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 036101 (2012).
Arjan van der Bos, Mark-Jan van der Meulen, Theo Driessen, Marc van den Berg, Hans Reinten, Herman Wijshoff, Michel Versluis, and Detlef Lohse, Velocity profile inside piezoacoustic inkjet droplets in flight: Comparison between experiment and numerical simulation, Phys. Rev. Applied 1, 014004 (2014).
Detlef Lohse and Xuehua Zhang, Surface nanobubbles and nanodroplets, Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 981-1035 (2015).
Siegfried Grossmann, Detlef Lohse, and Chao Sun, High Reynolds number Taylor-Couette turbulence, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 48, 53-80 (2016).
Huanshu Tan, Christian Diddens, Pengyu Lv, J. G. M. Kuerten, Xuehua Zhang, and Detlef Lohse, Evaporation-triggered microdroplet nucleation and the four life phases of an evaporating ouzo drop, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 113, 8642-8647 (2016).
Xiaojue Zhu, Ruben A. Verschoof, Dennis Bakhuis, Sander G. Huisman, Roberto Verzicco, Chao Sun, and Detlef Lohse, Wall roughness induces asymptotic ultimate turbulence, Nature Physics 14, 417-423 (2018).
Both popular media (including The New York Times, The Washington Post, the BBC, National Geographic) and scientific media (including Science, Nature, Nature Physics, Physics Today, Physics World, Physics News Update, and Science News) have reported on his work.