Peter e Rosemary Grant

Regno Unito/USA

Premio Balzan 2005 per la biologia delle popolazioni

Bio-bibliografia

PETER R. GRANT è nato a Norwood, Londra, il 26 ottobre 1936.
 
È Class of 1877 Professor of Zoology Emeritus, Princeton University (dal 2008).
 
1960: BA (Honors), Cambridge University
1964: Ph.D., University of British Columbia
1964-1965: post-doctoral Fellowship, Yale University
1965-1968: Assistant Professor, McGill University
1968-1973: Associate Professor, McGill University
1973-1977: Professor, McGill University.
1977-1985: Professor, University of Michigan
1985: Professor, Princeton University
1989: Class of 1877 Professor of Zoology, Princeton University
Visiting Professor presso le Università di Uppsala (1981, 1985) e Lund (1981).
 
Membro di numerose istituzioni accademiche internazionali, fra cui le seguenti: Royal Society of London, Royal Society of Canada, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Society of Naturalists e American Academy of
Sciences.
 
È inoltre membro delle seguenti associazioni professionali o enti culturali, fra cui le seguenti: Society for the Study of Evolution, Ecological Society of America, American Ornithologists’ Union, Linnean Society of London, Society for Behavioural Ecology, Charles Darwin Foundation. Ha ricevuto lauree ad honorem dalle Università di San Francisco, Quito (2005), e Zurigo (2008).
 
Ha fatto parte, o fa parte, dei comitati editoriali di numerose riviste accademiche, fra cui Ecology (1968-1970), Evolutionary Theory (dal 1973), Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (dal 1984), e Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (1990-1993). È cittadino onorario di Puerto Bacquerizo, I. San Cristóbal, Galapagos, dal 2005.

 
B. ROSEMARY GRANT è nata a Arnside, Inghilterra, l’8 ottobre 1936.
 
È Research Scholar and Professor of Zoology Emeritus, Princeton University (dal 2008).
 
1960: BSc (Honors), Edinburgh University, Scotland
1960-1964: Research Associate, University of British Columbia, Canada
1964-1965: Research Associate, Yale University
1973-1977: Research Associate, McGill University
1977-1985: Research Associate, University of Michigan
1985: Ph.D., Uppsala University
1985: Research Scholar and Lecturer
1997: Senior Research Scholar and Professor, Princeton University
Visiting Professor all’Università di Zurigo (2002 e 2003).
 
Membro di numerose istituzioni accademiche internazionali, fra cui le seguenti: American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1997), Charles Darwin Foundation (2002), Royal Society of Canada (2004), Royal Society of London (2007), American Academy of Sciences (2008), American Society of Naturalists (2008). Ha ricevuto lauree ad honorem dalla McGill University (2002) e dalle Università di San Francisco, Quito (2005) e Zurigo (2008)
È cittadina onoraria di Puerto Bacquerizo, I. San Cristóbal, Galapagos, dal 2005.
 
PETER R. GRANT e B. ROSEMARY GRANT riceveranno le Darwin-Wallace Medal del 2009 alla Linnean Society of London in occasione del 200esimo compleanno di Charles Darwin’s, il 12 febbraio 2009.
 
Insieme, hanno ricevuto numerosi riconoscimenti, fra cui i seguenti: Municipalità of Puerto Ayora Science Award, I. Santa Cruz, Galapagos (2006), American Institute of Biological Sciences Outstanding Scientist Award (2005), Distinguished Scientists Award dall’American Institute of Biological Sciences (2005), Grinnell Award dalla University of California at Berkeley (2003), Loye and Alden Miller Award dalla Cooper Ornithological Society (2003), Darwin Medal dalla Royal Society of London (2002), E.O. Wilson Prize dalla American Society of Naturalists (1998) e Leidy Medal dalla Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1994).
 
Per il loro libro Evolutionary Dynamics of a Natural Population: The Large Cactus Finch of the Galapagos (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1989) hanno ricevuto nel 1991, dalla Wildlife Society, il Wildlife Publication Award. Il libro di Jonathan Weiner, The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time (New
York, Alfred Knopf, 1994), in cui Rosemary e Peter Grant discutono gli affascinanti risultati di vent’anni di ricerca, ha vinto nel 1995 il Pulitzer Prize (Non-Fiction), ed è stato tradotto in italiano con il titolo Il becco del fringuello: giorno per giorno l’evoluzione della specie (Milano, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, 1995). Il
loro ultimo libro è How and Why Species Multiply. The radiation of Darwin’s Finches (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey), pubblicato nel 2008.
 
Insieme, Peter e Rosemary Grant hanno pubblicato numerosi saggi su riviste scientifiche, fra i quali:
 
- Fission and fusion of Darwin’s finch populations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 363: 2821-2829, 2008
- Pedigrees, assortative mating and speciation in Darwin’s finches. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 275: 661-668, 2008
- The calmodulin pathway and the evolution of elongated beak morphology in Darwin’s finches. Nature 442: 563-567, 2006 (with others)
- Evolution of character displacement in Darwin’s finches. Science 313: 224-226, 2006
- Species before speciation is complete. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 93: 94-102, 2006
- The origin and diversification of Galapagos mockingbirds. Evolution 60: 370-382, 2006 (with others)
- Comparative landscape genetics and the adaptive radiation of Darwin’s finches: the role of peripheral isolation. Mol. Ecol. 14: 2943-2957, 2005 (with others)
- Hybridization in the recent past. American Naturalist 166: 56-67, 2005 (with others)
- Darwin’s finches, Current Biology 15: R614-R615, 2005
- What Darwin’s finches can teach us about the evolutionary origin and regulation of biodiversity, Bioscience, vol. 53, n. 10: 965-975, 2003
- Simulating secondary contact in allopatric speciation: an empirical test of premating isolation, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76: 542-556, 2002
- Unpredictable evolution in a 30-year study of Darwin’s finches, Science 296: 707-711, 2002
- Adaptive radiation of Darwin’s finches, American Scientist 90: 130-139, 2002
- Lack of premating isolation at the base of a phylogenetic tree, American Naturalist 160: 1-19, 2002
- Non-random fitness variation in two populations of Darwin’s finches, Proceedings of the Royal Society B 267: 131-138, 2000
- Quantitative genetic variation in populations of Darwin’s finches, in Adaptive Variation in the Wild, 3-49, T.A. Mousseau, B. Sinervo and J.A. Endler, eds., Oxford University Press, New York, 1999
- Hybridization and speciation in Darwin’s finches: the role of sexual imprinting on a culturally transmitted trait, pp. 404-422 in D.J. Howard and S. Berlocher, eds., Endless forms: species and speciation, Oxford University Press, 1998
- Genetics and the origin of bird species, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 94: 7768-7775, 1997
- Hybridization, sexual imprinting and mate choice, American Naturalist 149: 1-28, 1997
- Cultural inheritance of song and its role in the evolution of Darwin’s Finches, Evolution 50: 2471-2487, 1996
- Predicting microevolutionary responses to directional selection on heritable variation, Evolution 49: 241-251, 1995
- Phenotypic and genetic consequences of hybridization in Darwin’s Finches,
Evolution 48: 297-316, 1994
- Demography and the genetically effective sizes of two populations of Darwin’s Finches, Ecology 73: 766-784, 1992
- Hybridization of bird species, Science 256: 193-197, 1992
 
 
(gennaio 2009)